And when you combine the 12 mantras with the 215 Karikas, the Upanishad suddenly becomes a big study. Karma, literally translated, means, “action, work, or deed.” But it… As I discuss in this answer, each of the four Vedas comes in multiple Shakhas or recensions.Each Shakha has its own Samhita, Brahmana, Aranyaka, and Upanishad. Historicity and Preservation of the Vedas, Sat Chit Ananda - The Philosophy of the Upanishads, The Limitations of Knowledge from Isa Upanishad- Para 9, Upanishads The Science of Freedom from Bondage, Mandukya Upanishad- An inquiry into what is Real And Unreal-4, Mandukya Upanishad- An inquiry into what is Real And Unreal-3, Mandukya Upanishad- An inquiry into what is Real And Unreal -2, Mandukya Upanishad- An inquiry into what is Real And Unreal -1, Taittiriya Upanishad- Petal 1A Bird`s Eye View, Aitareya Upanishad- Origin of the Universe & Man (Part-2), Aitareya Upanishad- Origin of the Universe & Man (Part-1), Svetasvatara Upanishad - Chap 6 The One God and the Cosmic Process, Svetasvatara Upanishad - Chap 5 The One Immanent God, Svetasvatara Upanishad - Chap 4 The One God of the Manifold World, Svetasvatara Upanishad - Chap 3 The Highest Reality, Svetasvatara Upanishad - Chap 2 Invocation to Savitr (The Sun) and Practice of Yoga, Svetasvatara Upanishad - Chap 1Speculation about the First Cause, Prasna Upanishad (Part-6)-Where to look for the Cosmic Person, Prasna Upanishad (Part-5)- Why meditate on AUM, Prasna Upanishad (Part-4)-Who in man sleeps, dreams, and keeps awake, Prasna Upanishad (Part-2)- Who Supports the Created Beings, Prasna Upanishad (Part-3)- How Does Life-Breath Function, Prasna Upanishad (Part-1)- Origin of Created Beings, Sri Rudra Prasna or Satarudriya -A Flag Post of Universality and Inclusiveness of Hinduism, Vedas and Upanishads- A Structural Profile, Indian Army Welfare So Sama Veda in particular is called Chanda because firstly it’s a Veda (it protects and gives happiness) and it can also be sung unlike the other Vedas which can only be chanted. And since the author is Gaudapada, the text is also known as Gaudapada Karika. Chandogya Upanishad. Good luck trying to read them all – no one knows how many there are! Shwethaswarthopanishad. Two other upanishads are also considered important. We’ll see how the Upanishad names were derived, which Rishis gave out the Upanishads, and the content and structure of the Upanishads. Many believe the Vedas to be the philosophical cornerstone of Bhramanical tradition, ... (Commentaries on ceremonies, sacrifices, and rituals), and Upanishads (Texts on spiritual knowledge, meditation, and philosophy). It is not exactly known how this Upanishad got its name. So to remove her son’s unhappiness, Itara prayed to their family deity (Kuladevata) who was Prithvi Devata (Earth deity). How Many Upanishad. And this Upanishad has in total 3 chapters divided into 5 sections. “Aitareya” means he who’s mother is Itara. Aitareya Upanishad is a primary ancient Upanishad, and is listed as number 8 in the Muktika canon of 108 Upanishads. And this Rishi got the name of Aitareya because his mother’s name was Itara. And when the mother and son prayed together to Prithvi Devata, the deity appeared in front of them and blessed Aitareya with all knowledge. We know that it’s impossible to cover entire Vedanta in just 12 mantras, so it’s important to know that this Upanishad is not primarily meant to teach Vedanta but to remember the teachings which have been elaborately dealt with in the other Upanishads. They are: Isa, Kena, Katha, Prasna, Mundaka, Mandukya, Taittiriya, Aitareya, Chandogya, Brhadaranyaka, Svetasvatara, Kausitaki, Mahanarayana and the Maitri. However, there is a commonality of thought and approach. In fact Indian music is supposed to be derived from Sama Veda. The main traditions of Vedanta are: Brihadaranyaka is a great Upanishad not only in terms of its volume, it’s great in terms of the depth of its insight. There are 6 chapters with 67 mantras in this Upanishad and each chapter is a dialogue with one of the six disciples. We’ll look at one of the simpler reasons as to why this Upanishad is named so. And it’s also called Upasana Kandam because these 2 chapters contain a variety of Upasanas. It has three khandas or parts. In Mandukya Karika Gaudapada writes an analysis of the entire Upanishad. This Upanishad gets it name because of the first portion of the beginning verse “Isavasyam Idam Sarvam”. The Upanisads are ancient philosophical texts that form the basis of the Hindu religion. It means the knowledge of the eternal, sacred, spiritual wisdom. This Upanishad belongs to Sama Veda like Kena Upanishad, and it’s a big Upanishad consisting of 8 chapters and 627 mantras. There are more than 200 Upanishads.Dr. And this Upanishad is called Chandogya because of a particular derivation. Even Brihadaranyaka Upanishad is available with Svara. The Sanskrit word “Chand” has 2 meanings. And this analysis is in the form of verses. are one of the holy scriptures. Believe it or not, they are. This is a fairly big Upanishad consisting of 119 mantras spread over 2 chapters. There are 10 principal Upanishads however some consider them to be more than 10, while other 18. The Vedic literature discusses many types of philosophical viewpoints, and studying some of them will let us see that many of the concepts that we accept as new today are nothing more than parts of the ancient Vedic knowledge that had been dealt with and thoroughly understood thousands of years ago. The Upanishads were originally called Vedanta, which literally means the conclusion to the Vedas.The composition of the Upanishads marks a significant and stride forward in the direction of knowing the mystery of earth’s creation and one comes tantalizingly close to the answers. There is a difference in the text layout in both Upanishads. There are over 200 different Upanishads, although only about 14 hold a significant authoritative position. And that is why Aitareya is also called Mahidasa because “Mahi” means Prithvi and “Dasa” means devotee. [Best viewed in IE 10+, Firefox 20+, Chrome , Safari5+, Opera12+]. This Upanishad is called Taittiriya Upanishad because of various reasons. The phenomenal universe and human existence are intermixed to as the principal Upanishad voluminous.! Kandam because it occurs in two places, the general consensus among of... Are even new Upanishads such as Aitareya, Kauṣītaki, and students of the study is to the! 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