Botanical Name: Viburnum nudum 'Winterthur' Form: Tree/Shrub Sun Exposure: Full Sun, Partial Shade Height/Habit: 5 - 6 feet Spread: 5 - 6 feet Spacing: 5 - 6 feet Hardiness Zone: 5-9 Flowering Date: Mid to late spring Planting Instructions: None special. Retrieved 22 February 2017. Viburnum cassinoides.  Retrieved 10 February 2017. Retrieved 8 February 2017. This species has showy, white clusters of flowers and gives off a musky smell. Online Conservation Guide for Rich Hemlock-Hardwood Peat Swamp. Retrieved 9 February 2017. The Plants of Pennsylvania: An Illustrated Manual. 463-465, Plates 162, 163, and 168. University of Michigan Herbarium. Online Conservation Guide for Hemlock-Hardwood Swamp. 2020. Block. Compact cultivar of native smooth viburnum, perfect for low, damp spots. The Illustrated Book of Wildflowers and Shrubs (Stackpole Books, 1993), pp. cassinoides. The fruits at maturity are dark blue-black and berry-like, with a single seed. rank interpretation The deep green leaves are two to four inches long. This plant is listed as endangered in Indiana, Kentucky and Pennsylvania, and a plant of special concern in Connecticut. Retrieved 10 February 2020. iNaturalist. and five stamensStamen: The male part of the flower, made up of the filament and anther. The fruits, borne on colorful red stems, change color as they mature, starting off yellow-green to pink, and maturing to a dark blue-black. Viburnum cassinoides - L. Retrieved 8 February 2017. But better berry crop is achieved with more than one viburnum planted. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. (Range map provided courtesy of the USDA website and is displayed here in accordance with their Policies) Spring blooms, fall color. Retrieved 10 February 2017. (Bulletin of the New York State Museum, Volume 6, Number 28, June 1899), p.100. nudum is rare in New England, and it is believed to no longer grow in wild areas of Connecticut. The berries are showy in colors of pink and blue and are attractive to birds. A related species, Possum-haw (Viburnum nudum), is listed at … It is important to note the difference between possumhaw and winterberry. Northern Wild Raisin (Viburnum nudum) growing in swampland on the shore of Little Colby Pond along the Lake Colby Railroad Tracks in Saranac Lake (26 August 2019). Online Conservation Guide for Floodplain Forest. New York Natural Heritage Program. Plant in groups for better fruit production. Pennsylvania Natural Heritage Program. Attractive in shrub borders, hedges and foundation plantings. Partial to full … Native Plant Trust. 586-591. These are also in the genus Viburnum (of which there are over 150 species) but these two ornamentals are both from Asia. and T.A. University of Michigan. Northern Wild Raisin (Viburnum nudum var cassinoides) is a deciduous shrub that produces clusters of small white flowers in late June and colorful, pinkish berry-like fruit which matures to near-black in fall.  This shrub is abundant on poorly drained soils in swamps and bogs in the Adirondacks.Â. Available https://explorer.natureserve.org. This plant is fairly common in swampy and boggy areas in the Adirondacks. An infusion has been used as a treatment for fever and convulsions. Charles H. Peck. Type: Broadleaf. New York Natural Heritage Program. v.1 Updated 10.23.2006. Shiny deep green foliage turns cinnabar red in the fall. It is native to low woods, swamps and bogs in the eastern and southeastern U.S. from Connecticut south to Florida and Louisiana. Lake Colby Railroad Tracks (Saranac Lake), Jackrabbit Trail at River Road (Lake Placid), White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus), List of Adirondack Amphibians and Reptiles. In the Adirondacks, the Northern Wild Raisin flowers for a short period in mid- to late-June. Bogs & Fens. 2nd edition. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. White flowers spring, pink-purple berries in the fall. It may also occur in non-wetlands thickets, clearings, and forest edges. Flowers May - June, fruits August - November. Winterthur Smooth Viburnum Viburnum nudum ‘Winterthur. New York Natural Heritage Program. New York Natural Heritage Program. Images. Because the berries are desirable to birds and the flowers to pollinators, this is the ideal shrub for your garden to become a certified wildlife habitat! cassinoides . This plant is also known as Withe Rod, Withe-rod, Northern Witherod, Witherod Viburnum, Possum Haw, Possum Haw Viburnum, Northern Wild-raisin, and Wild Raisin. Viburnum nudum L. Retrieved 10 February 2020. Viburnum nudum, commonly called smooth witherod, is a rounded, multi-stemmed, upright-spreading, deciduous shrub that typically grows in the wild to 5-12’ tall and as wide. 2018. Northern Wild Raisin is an erect, medium-sized, long-lived shrub which reaches maximum height at maturity at about 15 feet. Viburnum cassinoides L. Retrieved 10 February 2017. 194-197. Its ripe fruit is eaten by many kinds of wildlife. Although Northern Wild Raisin, unlike some other shrubs, consistently bears heavy crops of fruit, it is not ranked as an important wildlife food. Wild Raisin. Retrieved 10 February 2020. It can also be seen on the Lake Colby Railroad Tracks. Ronald B. Davis. possumhaw – Viburnum nudum St. Johnswort – Hypericum densiflorum silky dogwood – Cornus amomum spicebush Lindera benzoin swamp azalea – Rhododendron viscosum swamp rose – Rosa palustris wild raisin – Viburnum cassinoides winterberry – Ilex verticillata SHRUBS for SUN Summersweet – Clethra alnifolia Ask your local nursery or garden center to help you and local wildlife, by selling “paired plants” for those species needing cross-pollination, including our beautiful native viburnums. Adirondack Park Agency. Viburnum nudum. topped with yellow anthersAnther: the part of a stamen that contains the pollen., giving the flower cluster a creamy glow. The PA Biological Survey considers possumhaw to be a species of special concern, based on the relatively few occurrences that have been recently documented and its wetland habitat. Viburnum nudum L. var. In the Adirondacks, the fruits develop starting in late August and early September, maturing in late September. The fruit has a single large seed, so there is not much flesh, but what's there is said to be sweet and well-flavored. Withe-rod. A landscape favorite, this viburnum has all of the wildlife power of the above two species. cassinoides. 2017. 2020. In the Adirondack Park, Northern Wild Raisin can be found in a variety of ecological communities, including: Among the trails covered here, this shrub can be seen on the edges of Heron Marsh at the Paul Smiths VIC, the swampy areas along the Bloomingdale Bog Trail, and the swampy edges of fields at John Brown Farm. Plants of North Elba. NatureServe. It is native to low woods, swamps and bogs in the eastern and southeastern U.S. from Connecticut south to Florida and Louisiana. New York Flora Association. New York Flora Atlas. A Guide to Wildlife Food Habits (New York: Dover Publications, 1951), pp. Red Squirrel, Eastern Chipmunk, Snowshoe Hare, Striped Skunk, and White-tailed Deer also eat the fruit, which can hang onto the bush into the winter. Trees and Shrubs of the Adirondacks: A Field Guide (Utica, New York: North Country Books, 1990), pp. It prefers sun to part shade in acidic, moist, well-drained soils but can be adaptable. Lawrence Newcomb. Newcomb's Wildflower Guide (Little Brown and Company, 1977), pp. United States Department of Agriculture. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Full to … Eastern Region (Alfred A. Knopf, 2001), pp. The fruit reportedly may be eaten raw or cooked, and was used by several native American tribes, including the Abnaki and the Algonquin. Viburnum cassinoides. Possumhaw viburnums (Viburnum nudum) are native to the southeastern United States. Northern Wild Raisin has a variety of uses as an edible plant. The wildlife which makes greatest use of this shrub as a food source includes Ruffed Grouse, Brown Thrasher, Cedar Waxwing, Rose-breasted Grosbeak, Purple Finch, and other birds. (meaning that the leaves are not divided into leaflets) and oppositeOpposite Leaves: Leaves occurring in pairs at a node, with one leaf on either side of the stem., meaning that they appear in pairs, directly across from each other on the stem. Northern Wild-raisin. New York Natural Heritage Program. Family: Adoxaceae, Caprifoliaceae. New York Natural Heritage Program. Grows in moist soils, swamps, and open woods. Version 7.1. It tolerates both shady and wet sites, excellent for shrub borders, naturalizing and woodland sites. Broadleaf deciduous, somewhat compact, shrub to about 6 ft (1.5 m) in 10 years, narrower width. http://plant-quest.blogspot.com/2007/02/viburnum-nudum-close-to-perfection.html, © 2019 PA Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. Viburnum nudum var. 49-50, 66, 71-72, 75-76, 121-122. A compact Viburnum Nudum. Retrieved 10 February 2017. Viburnum dentatum (Arrowood Viburnum) Viburnum nudum (Possumhaw Viburnum) Perennials. The Plants Database. In sites where Northern Wild Raisin forms a dense thicket, it can provide cover for various mammals and birds. It’s a native shrub in the Northeast and Southeast, from Connecticut to Florida and west to Louisiana. 2020. The leaves of Northern Wild Raisin are simpleSimple Leaf: A leaf with a single undivided blade, as opposed to a compound leaf, which is one that is divided to the midrib, with distinct, expanded portions called leaflets. Flowers are white to cream; fruit greenish to pink, maturing to blue-black and is eaten readily by many birds. Wild Raisin. Northern White Raisin is classified as a Facultative Wetland (FACW) plant, meaning that it usually occurs in wetlands on poorly-drained soils, but can occasionally be found in non-wetlands on fairly well-drained soil. Viburnum is a genus of about 150–175 species of flowering plants in the moschatel family Adoxaceae.Its current classification is based on molecular phylogeny. Viburnum nudum, commonly called smooth witherod, is a rounded, multi-stemmed, upright-spreading, deciduous shrub that typically grows in the wild to 5-12’ tall and as wide. Online Conservation Guide for Black Spruce-Tamarack Bog. Adirondack Habitats: Northern Wild Raisin usually occurs in wetlands, including swamps, fens, and bogs. Macphail Woods Ecological Forestry. Retrieved 10 February 2020. It was previously included in the honeysuckle family Caprifoliaceae.. Choose which sorts of plants to use based on the type of soil you have available. Online Conservation Guide for Pine-Northern Hardwood Forest. Viburnum nudum var. Possum Haw, Viburnum nudum– Grows to 4 meters tall. Multi stem, rounded upright shrub with clusters of flat topped, white flowers in spring. Vouchered plant specimens of Northern Wild Raisin have been documented in all counties within the Adirondack Park except Saratoga and Washington counties. Preliminary List of Species Native Within the Adirondack Park Listed Alphabetically by Scientific Name and Sorted by Habit. Habitat On Long Island, this species is associated with white cedar swamps along streams within pine barrens. Retrieved 10 February 2020. Viburnum nudum var. A number of viburnums have been covered in the Green Industry News such as Viburnum x pragense, Viburnum sieboldii 'Seneca', and Viburnum x burkwoodii 'Mohawk'. Retrieved 10 February 2020. Our native animals and plants evolved over thousands of years into a integrated system of food producers and food consumers. Retrieved 17 January 2017. pp. IMPORTANCE TO LIVESTOCK AND WILDLIFE: Highbush cranberries are consumed by many small mammals and songbirds [22,58].Game birds including spruce grouse and ruffed grouse also eat the berries [15,34].Foliage is browsed by beaver, rabbit, and snowshoe hare [].Squashberry is of low to moderate importance as browse to Roosevelt elk, Rocky Mountain elk, mountain goat, bighorn sheep, … The leaves reportedly may be used as a pleasant-tasting tea substitute. A Guide to the Peatland Plants of the Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada (University Press of New England, 2016), pp. 363-364. A tally of flowering dates for the upland Adirondack areas compiled by Michael Kudish, based on data collected from the early seventies to the early nineties, lists flowering dates from 16 June to 18 June. Field Guide to North American Wildflowers. 2020. The flowers, which appear in May or June, are arranged in flat-topped clusters. Critically imperiled in the nation or state because of extreme rarity (often 5 or fewer occurrences) or because of some factor(s) such as very steep declines making it especially vulnerable to extirpation from the state. cassinoides. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. 2020. The viability of known populations of possumhaw and its habitat would be enhanced by creating buffers around wetlands, controlling invasive species, and protecting the hydrology of the wetland and its surroundings. Foliage is a glossy dark green which displays beautiful fall colors of orange, red and maroon. Ecological Communities of New York State. The beauty of the native species’ flowers rivals that of the non-native snowball bush or the non-native hydrangeas. Michael Kudish. 2007. Online Conservation Guide for Shrub Swamp. Go Botany. Viburnum nudum var. Viburnum nudum usually grows in a woodland setting, but is also commonly found in moist sites like swamps and bogs. William Carey Grimm. They are narrowly egg-shaped or lance-shapedLanceolate: A leaf shaped like a lance head, tapering to a point at each end., with nearly-smooth or wavy edges with rounded, low teeth. Alexander C. Martin, Herbert S. Zim, and Arnold L. Nelson. The leaves are oppositely-arranged, shiny above, toothed or untoothed on the margin, oblong to elliptic in shape, and typically 8-13cm long. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. It may be difficult to find in nurseries. The bark and root bark of the shrub reportedly was used as a tonic. Klein, Jr. 1993. Wild Raisin. Blackhaw (Viburnum prunifolium) is a forest understory shrub that also grows well in full sun. The following are selections of Viburnum nudum, a species closely allied to V. cassinoides that some authorities include with the species. Native American Ethnobotany. A Database of Foods, Drugs, Dyes and Fibers of Native American Peoples, Derived from Plants. State Rank: S1. Wetland Plants of the Adirondacks: Ferns, Woody Plants, and Graminoids (Trafford Publishing, 2011), p. 44. On Staten Island it is associated with sweetgum swamps … Flowers are white to cream; fruit dark blue; common in moist soils. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. The Vascular Flora of Pennsylvania. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Range map for Wild Raisin (Viburnum nudum) PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. Asclepias incarnata (Swamp Milkweed) Caltha palustris (Marsh Marigold) Eupatorium perfoliatum (Common Boneset) Iris versicolor (Blue Flag Iris) Juncus effusus (Soft Rush) Lobelia siphilitica (Great Blue Lobelia) Onoclea sensibilis (Sensitive Fern) Retrieved 10 February 2020. It can be found in some field guides under the scientific name Viburnum cassinoides. PBS Status: Pennsylvania Endangered (PE) 'Count Pulaski'-This open-growing plant offers larger, glossy leaves and wonderful fruit that pass through shades of pink, lavender, blue and black. Fragrant flowers! Version 7.1. Plant viburnums in areas of the home landscape offering full sun exposure, unless you are gardening with a particular species such as possum-haw viburnum (V. nudum) which prefers part shade. The small individual flowers have white petals with five regular lobes. 2020. 2018. Southern Arrowwood, Viburnum recognitum – Grows to 3 meters tall. The Northern Wild Raisin is quite similar to several other viburnums that grow in the Adirondacks.  Leaf shape, habit, and habitat help distinguish them from each other.Â. cassinoides. Encyclopedia of Life. In Pennsylvania, it represents a southerly species and has been documented in a few southeastern counties. However, the berries are not a preferred food, and this plant does not represent a significant share of the diet of any of our Adirondack wildlife. New York Natural Heritage Program. The flowers are white, borne in late spring. Viburnum nudum L. Older books would identify the plant in the photo as Viburnum cassinoides , but it is now considered to be Viburnum nudum var. Adirondack Park Observations. Fewer than ten populations, most of them with only a few individuals, are known from the state. Pronunciation: vi-BUR-num NU-dum. Throughout its range, it is seen in swamps, fens, and bogs. Meiyin Wu and Dennis Kalma. Federal Status: Global Rank: G5 In Canada, this shrub occurs in Quebec and Ontario. The flowers of Northern Wild Raisin appear in a dense cluster usually about four inches wide. It has a PA legal rarity status and a PABS suggested rarity status of Endangered. Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: No. Viburnum nudum L. Common Name: Possum Haw Viburnum; Southern Wild Raisin: Habitat: ** Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: Tree: Duration: Perennial: Category: Vascular: USDA Symbol: VINU: Plant Notes: Possum Haw Viburnum is a native deciduous shrub or small tree in the Moschatel family (Adoxaceae). 2020. Northern Wild Raisin also has some medicinal uses. Withe-rod. An infusion of bark reportedly was used as a wash for a sore tongue. Rhoads, A.F. Second Edition (March 2014). Winterthur Smooth Viburnum Viburnum nudum 'Winterthur' Sku #1301. Possumhaw Viburnum is a 12-15-foot tall (some report up to 20 feet) x 12-15-foot wide, deciduous, wet-tolerant shrub of surprising ornamental value found in … Retrieved 9 February 2017. IThe opposite wavy-edgeded leaves are nicer leaves than … University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Rhoads, A.F. Viburnum nudum is a shrub with opposite, simple leaves, on slender stems. Possumhaw (Viburnum nudum) is a deciduous shrub or small tree that grows up to 4m tall. Available at. PNHP is a partnership between The Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, NatureServe. Northern Forest Atlas. New York State. It grows in wetlands, particularly swamps, wet thickets, and the margins of ponds. The one that catches my eye at this time of year is Viburnum nudum 'Winterthur'. National Audubon Society. Fragrant, creamy white flowers, followed by white fruit that darkens to pink before maturing to blue. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. Viburnum nudum is one of the unsung—and underused—heroes of the viburnum family. This viburnum is often confused with winterberry (or winter holly), which goes by the same common name. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. The leaves are oppositely-arranged, shiny above, toothed or untoothed on the margin, oblong to elliptic in shape, and typically 8-13cm long. Plan D: Purchase a cultivar and a straight species viburnum, of the same species, which are in bud or bloom at the same time. The flowers, which appear in … Each fruit is about ⅓ inch long. The berry-like fruit appears in clusters after flowering. The individual flowers are white, ¼ Wild Raisin or Witherod (Viburnum nudum) ... A New England Guide to Planting and Maintaining the Eco-Friendly Habitat Garden, is a central Massachusetts garden coach who helps local gardeners build, maintain, and nurture safe, healthy, and beautiful landscapes. Retrieved 10 February 2020. and W.M. Somewhat smaller than Nannyberry, it has an especially beautiful form, often with one or more trunks and slender arching branches. Online Conservation Guide for Spruce-Fir Swamp. New York Natural Heritage Program. Viburnum nudum ‘Winterthur’ Winterthur grows to only about six feet (the species can get to 20′). Witherod viburnum is a large, upright-spreading, suckering shrub, native to North America. State Status: Pennsylvania Endangered (PE) NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Northern Wild Raisin is found in eastern North America, south to Georgia and west to Wisconsin and Illinois. This species may be impacted by deer browsing in some locations. Smooth Witherod is a native deciduous shrub growing in savannas, low, wet woods and bogs and may reach 12 feet tall and wide. At White House Natives, we would like to shine a spotlight on both Viburnum nudum and Viburnum prunifolium. Viburnum lentago: leaf blades with regular, fine, and sharp teeth throughout the margin and array of flowers unstalked (vs. V. nudum, with the leaf blades with irregular and usually rounded teeth (sometimes portions of the blade lacking teeth altogether) and array of flowers elevated on a stalk 5-50 mm long). The pattern of iNaturalist observations for the Adirondack Park over recent years is consistent with that data. 302-303. The entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs. inch wide, with five petalsPetals: Modified leaves that surround the reproductive parts of flowers. Planting native shrubs will help this natural relationship carry on. Viburnum nudum 'Winterthur' Common name: Winterthur Smooth Witherod. Retrieved 26 January 2017. Petals are often brightly colored or unusually shaped to attract pollinators. Retrieved 9 February 2017. The selection “Winterthur’ will have a stronger berry set if you also plant a straight species. Even in these cases, the shrub's contribution to the nutritional needs of these creatures is modest. Retrieved 10 February 2020. Wild Raisin. Genus: Viburnum. Adirondack Upland Flora: An Ecological Perspective (Saranac, New York: The Chauncy Press, 1992), pp. 88-89. 106-109, Plates 30, 31, and 32. Each individual fruit is oval with a nipple-like tip. William K. Chapman and Alan E. Bessette. Within New York State, Northern Wild Raisin is found in most of the counties in the eastern half of the state. Plants for a Future. Description Possumhaw (Viburnum nudum) is a deciduous shrub or small tree that grows up to 4m tall. ( Arrowood Viburnum ) Viburnum nudum is one of the state a closely!, including swamps, and bogs pine barrens has been documented in a woodland,! Displays beautiful fall colors of pink and blue and are attractive to birds ( Arrowood Viburnum ) nudum! York state Museum, Volume 6, Number 28, June 1899,! 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Shrub occurs in wetlands, including swamps, wet thickets, clearings, and Graminoids Trafford... Thicket, it represents a southerly species and has been used as a for! Clusters of flowers //plant-quest.blogspot.com/2007/02/viburnum-nudum-close-to-perfection.html, © 2019 PA Department of Conservation and Resources.