Brief History Brief History Judaism - The Hebrew leader Abraham founded Judaism around 2000 B.C. Only Islam acknowledges the divine selection and prophethood of all three personages, while the other two do not. In 539 BC the Jews were permitted to return to Israel. •Judaism, Christianity, & Islam are major religions practiced in Europe. As already noted, Christianity believes in the same God as Judaism. However, most Christians live in Europe or the Americas. It was after his death when his followers came to believe in him as the Christ, the Messiah. Christianity-Founded by Jesus Christ, who was crucified around A.D. 30 in Jerusalem. All three religions do not share common beliefs after the belief in Moses. Influence to the World: Christianity claims 33% of the world's population, Islam comes second with 21%, and Judaism … Imam Shah Karim al-Husayni Aga Khan IV, (Interview with Correre della Sera, Massimo Nava, October 22, 2001) The faiths of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam share a large number of theological beliefs and ethical principles. Yet all are deeply rooted in the fabric of monotheism. Collectively called the Abrahamic traditions, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam comprise the major monotheistic religions of the world. A truly monotheistic religion, called Judaism, developed from these events. Though history and current events suggests that enmity and antagonism often defines these faiths toward one another, in fact, these three faiths share an intimate connection with each other. Christianity is the most widespread religion in the world, with two billion followers – that’s almost one-third of the people on the planet! The major Abrahamic religions in chronological order of founding are: Judaism (late second millennium BCE), Christianity (first century CE), and Islam (seventh century CE). Religion must be the means by which to affirm the ethical significance of existence, regardless of one’s profession of faith. Christianity is a monotheistic religion centered on the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, whose resurrection, as understood by Christians, provided salvation for all mankind. Christianity, Judaism, and Islam are the three major world religions that consider themselves monotheistic, although Christianity has a more complex explanation of 'one God' than Judaism and Islam …

Facing present violent conflicts waged and justified by religious ideas or reasons, peace building prevails in current debates about religion and peace. Christianity's teachings, like those of other religions, contain messages of love and peace but also those that can be used to justify violence. The second monotheistic religion we’ll discuss is the largest. Judaism is the oldest of the monotheistic faiths (religions with one God). Judaism is the oldest surviving monotheistic religion, ... Because Judaism, Christianity, and Islam all recognize Abraham as their first prophet, they are also called the Abrahamic religions. In Christian teaching, Jesus is the supreme preacher and exemplar of the moral life, but for most Christians that does not fully justify significance of his life and work. Islam acknowledges all three, Christianity acknowledges two, and Judaism only one. What else do they have in common? •Followers of each practice monotheism, a belief in one god.

The eighth volume of the series "Key Concepts of Interreligious Discourses" investigates the roots of the concept of "peace" in Judaism, Christianity and Islam and its relevance for the present time.

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