Common names refer to the attractiveness of the plant to hares, rabbits and pigs. Another great treat is pickled sow thistle buds. Simply pick flower buds before they have ever opened and drop them in leftover pickle juice. The word “oleraceus,” on the other hand, roughly translates to “edible” in Latin.5, The common sow thistle plant can grow up to 40 to 150 centimeters (15 to 59 inches) tall, with an upright taproot possessing many branches.6 Since it is classified as a weed, it can grow almost anywhere there is soil, such as roadsides and fields.7 Another distinguishing feature of sow thistle is its stem, which produces a milky sap when snipped.8, The plant blooms yellow flowers that are 5 to 6 millimeters (0.20 to 0.24 inches) long. Description; Medicinal Action and Uses---Synonym---Marian Thistle.---Parts Used---Whole herb, root, leaves, seeds and hull.The Marian, or Milk Thistle, is perhaps the most important medicinally among the members of this genus, to which all botanists do not, however, assign it, naming it Silybum Marianum. www.coralyn.com - web design, development, & digital marketing, Common sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) is derived from the Greek word “sonchus,” referring to the plant’s hollow stems. Many insects feed on the leaves, stems, flowers and seeds, while some songbirds also feed on thistle seeds. It is in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. The leaves are applied as a poultice to inflammatory swellings. Sow thistle is sonchus not Lactuca Virosa. The leaves are also great to use as an antioxidant. Salt and pepper . Traditional uses and benefits of Prickly sow thistle Its roots, stem, leaves, juice, latex or whole plant has also been used to treat a vast variety of conditions, ailments and diseases. Don’t let the food become runny. An infusion has been used to bring on a tardy menstruation and to treat diarrhoea. Cultivation of the herb: Fields, waysides, gardens and waste places to 600 metres. ... Common milkweed in its Latin name is Asclepias syriaca, Wild Lettuce is Lactuca virosa. Ground nutmeg – pinch. One of the most common uses of milk thistle is to treat liver problems. Most gardeners and farmers consider them troublesome, as weeds compete for resources such as space, water, light and soil nutrients that should go to the plants you want to grow.1. Add the hazelnuts, sow thistle, parsley, garlic, salt, olive oil and chili flakes in a food processor. 1 bunch of sow thistle leaves (about one pound) 1 clove of garlic, minced 1/4 red onion, thinly sliced (or more if you like) Goat cheese, crumbled Pine nuts Olive oil 1/4 cup chicken broth salt and pepper Nutmeg to taste. It creates an increased locomotor activity that … 6 Since it is classified as a weed, it can grow almost anywhere there is soil, such as roadsides and fields. It got the name Sow Thistle from the fact that when cut the plant exudes a latex like milk which was believed to help lactation in mothering sows. Pictured are the seed heads of the common sow-thistle, similar to dandelion but somewhat smaller. It is not frost tender. Another notable asset of sow thistle is its high carotenoid content,11 which may help reduce the risk of eye disease.12. Cooking sow thistle: Smooth sow thistle salsa, Go ahead: Grow sow thistle in your garden today, Fingerroot: A flavorful spice bursting with benefits, Resveratrol’s role in achieving optimal health, 100 grams (3 1/2 ounces) soaked hazelnuts. Native thistle provide important habitat and food sources for native fauna. It is native to Europe and western Asia. Latex in the plant has been used as a treatment on warts. Although it is related to the more common Sow Thistle, it is in a different genus, and its flower is often confused with that of another relation, the Wild Chicory. Even tho some places are calling it “milk weed”, Wild Lettuce shown is NOT common Milkweed. Please.. please order from a known source and use the Latin name. Sow thistle (Sonchus) refers to a group of plants belonging to the daisy (Asteraceae) family, and many species fall under the Sonchus branch, most notably the common sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus).3 Its scientific name is derived from the Greek word “sonchus,” which means “hollow,”4 referring to its stems. In the end, the benefits may be worth the effort, as you have immediate access to antioxidants, vitamins and minerals at your disposal. Soak the hazelnuts in boiling water for one hour. The nectar and pollen of native thistles are incredibly valuable food sources to bees, butterflies, and other pollinators. Sonchus asper is a ANNUAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in). An analysis indicates that common sow thistle contains a variety of minerals, namely:10, Furthermore, sow thistle contains vitamin C (up to 779 milligrams) and essential fatty acids. flour. Juice of the plant used for cleaning and healing ulcers. Sow thistle is anti-inflammatory. Serve the salsa alongside your favorite foods, such as cooked meats. Researchers note that common sow thistle contains oxalic acid,23 a naturally occurring compound found in many plants (typically referred as oxalate), as a risk factor of stone formation in your kidneys.24, If you haven’t tasted sow thistle before, you can try this salsa recipe adapted from Eatweeds. To make coffee from sow thistle … Weeds are a common sight in gardens, fields and lawns. Some authorities believe that populations of Clammy Sow-thistle ( Sochus tenerrimus ) found in Australia are actually one of these forms of Common Sow-thistle.Common Sow-thistle belongs to a group of mainly yellow-flowered daisies in the Tribe Lactuceae . Herb: Sow Thistle Latin name: Sonchus oleraceus Family: Compositae Medicinal use of Sow Thistle: The plant is emmenagogue and hepatic. ), also known as milk thistle, is widespread across the grain-growing regions of Queensland and northern New South Wales. This applies to sow thistle, a common plant native to Europe, North Africa and West Asia, but can now found around the world.2 Take a look and see why you should plant sow thistle in your yard. The genus Sonchus includes approximately 60 species, and three of them have become common weeds throughout the world. Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle, sow thistle, smooth sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's colwort, hare's thistle, milky tassel, milk thistle, soft thistle, or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family. 1 or 2 handfuls sow-thistle leaves – young. Smooth Sow Thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) is a species from the Asteraceae or Compositae family.Also known by a variety of common names including common sow thistle, sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's thistle, hare's lettuce, hare's colwort, milk thistle (not Silybum marianum) and swinies.It is a native biennial commonly found in Europe including the British Isles. Thistle Root. If you order seeds.. The common name 'sow thistle' derives from its attractiveness to swine and the similarity of its leaf to the pig's ear. “Oleraceus,” on the other hand, is Latin for edible, Sow thistle is classified as a weed, as it grows practically anywhere and its seeds can spread easily, Sow thistle is rich in various minerals, vitamin C, essential fatty acids and carotenoids that may benefit your health, Studies have shown that sow thistle may help boost your antioxidant capabilities, manage inflammation, reduce anxiety and possibly lower your risk of cancer. Compositae. The main difference between the two is that the annual sow thistle has much smaller flowers (less than 2.5 cm across) than the perennial sow thistle. The stem juice is a powerful hydrogogue and cathartic, it should be used with great caution since it can cause colic and tenesmus. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, hoverflies. Other sow-thistle species may need their spines trimming off and The latex in the sap is used in the treatment of warts. For this recipe the young 2- to 4-inch leaves of common sow-thistle [Sonchus oleraceus] are best and when the leaves are not bitter. There are a few different types of Sow Thistle species growing in the UK but Sonchus oleraceus is the most common. Latex in the sap is used in the treatment of warts. Annual sowthistle is a widespread winter or summer annual broadleaf plant. The common sow thistle plant can grow up to 40 to 150 centimeters (15 to 59 inches) tall, with an upright taproot possessing many branches. The perennial sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis) is often confused with the annual sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus). In the backyard, Seattle WA I agree to receive email updates and promotions. While doing step 1, soak the sow thistle leaves in cold water for one hour. The gum has been used as a cure for the opium habit. Sonchus oleraceus. 1 tsp. Plant is pounded and applied as a poultice to wounds and boils. It … The plant is emenagogue and hepatic. It incorporates the leaves of the plant, giving your regular salsa a different taste that you may enjoy:25. However, you must be vigilant when planting this in your garden, as it can quickly overgrow your space. Fork the tomatoes through the processed sow thistle. A pernicious weed, it really needs no encouragement from us. 6 Since it is classified as a weed, it can grow nearly anywhere there is soil, such as roadsides and fields. THISTLE, MILK Botanical: Silybum marianum Family: N.O. Stems are used as sedative and tonic. Remove the leaf blades from the larger leaves and discard the stalks. Known hazards of Cirsium vulgare: None known Thistles will resprout readily if cut down, so it’s best to dig the whole plant up by the root. Botany Gagatang is an erect, annual, milky, hairy or slightly glandular herb, growing 40 to 80 centimeters high. Common Sow-thistle can differ in leaf shape and overall appearance. This is a nutritious plant that contains several minerals (calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, sodium, potassium and zinc) and vitamins ( A, B1, B2, B3, B6, & C). The common sow thistle plant can grow up to 40 to 150 centimeters (15 to 59 inches) tall, with an upright taproot possessing many branches. The common sow thistle plant can grow up to 40 to 150 centimeters (15 to 59 inches) tall, with an upright taproot possessing many branches. Common sow thistle is in the Compositae (Asteraceae) family. A report from Garden Organic (formerly the Henry Doubleday Research Association) notes that 150-year-old sow thistle seeds recovered from excavations have been reported to still be viable for germination.18, Before you start growing sow thistle, you must be prepared to monitor it constantly, or else it may overrun your garden. The plant was commonly fed to lactating sow hogs because it was believed to aid in milk production (probably because of the milky sap produced). Run the processor until all ingredients are chopped and mixed up. Butter or oil. This weed helps in calming the mind and reducing anxiety. 6 Since it is classified as a weed, it can grow almost anywhere there is soil, such as roadsides and fields. It can be easy for you to grow sow thistle in your yard as it tolerates most soil conditions and climates. Woolly thistle is a little bit more selective in its choice of soil and setting, preferring calcareous ground. These are S. arvensis, perennial sow thistle, and the two annual species S. oleraceus, common sow thistle, and S. asper, prickly sow thistle. Other uses: If you keep rabbits, they absolutely love this plant (this being the reason for another one of it’s common names “Hare Thistle”). Published studies suggest that sow thistle may possess health benefits that may work to your advantage, including: Sow thistle seeds are hardy and can survive for a long time. A single sow thistle plant can contain up to 25,000 seeds that can easily disperse through the wind, but the majority of them only end up 2 to 3 meters (6 to 9 feet) away from the parent plant.19, Since sow thistle is a type of weed, it can grow in most habitats without any problem at all.20 The real challenge is to control it while growing, especially after significant rainfall events at any time of the year, which is when sow thistle tends to germinate abundantly.21 Be sure to harvest during early spring to mid-summer, as the leaves become more bitter until autumn arrives.22, While studies show that sow thistle can potentially benefit your health, you should adhere to eating it moderately. In Hawaii it is called pualele. BUTTERED SOW-THISTLE. It is abundant in California to about 4900 feet (1500 m) and is commonly found in California's Central Valley and coastal areas where it grows year-round. Log in, Fundamentals of Ecology and Environmental Science, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Bank myna (Acridotheres ginginianus) complete detail – updated, Crested bunting (Melophus lathami) Yuvaraaj – complete detail, Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park – complete detail – updated, Deforestation and Its impacts on nature & natural resources, Definition of Wildlife Sanctuary According to wildlife protection act 1972. Crush the garlic cloves and let sit for 15 minutes. A 2016 study found that milk thistle improved diet-induced liver damage in mice. Other common names for sonchus oleraceus are swinies, hare’s colwart, milky tassel, hare’s thistle, annual sow thistle, smooth sow thistle and hare’s lettuce. However, not all weeds are the same — some of them may actually be beneficial to your health. Should you be concerned with eating sow thistle? Propagation of Common Thistle: Seed - sow early spring or autumn in situ. Strain and rinse afterward. © 2020 | All Rights Reserved. The root is edible, and according to one source, it tastes “like burdock root only better.”While burdock stalks are delicious, I really can’t stand burdock root, and I think it tastes like bitter dirt.Thus, I’m not excited about cooking up a thistle root. What is sow thistle and how can you identify it? Traditional used and benefits of Sow thistle. Sonchus oleraceuscommonly used as a fodder. Sonchus oleraceus (L.) L. 192 Sow-thistle, Milk weed, Smooth sow-thistle, Annual sowthistle, Common sow-thistle, Common sowthistle, Pualele, Sow thistle, Hare's Lettuce, Milk Thistle, Smooth Saw-thistle, Annual sow thistle, Common milk thistle, Common sow thistle, Hare's-lettuce, Smooth sow thistle, Wild lettuce, Annual sow-thistle, Common annual sow-thistle Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. It too enjoys grasslands. An infusion has been used to bring on a tardy menstruation and to treat diarrhea. The scientific name's latin roots are: sonchus, hollow stem and oleraceus, delectable nature, herb used in cooking. Common sowthistle is ranked as the 5th most difficult weed to control in winter crops. It has been used as fodder for many animals, particularly rabbits and pigs. Beef stock or water. It is also said to have anticancer activity. An interesting characteristic of these flowers is that they only open during the morning.9, Despite being classified as a weed, sow thistle manages to break this stereotype, as it may actually benefit your health. In addition, pigs love it as well. This tall (it can grow up to 2 m) perennial is said to have escaped from gardens in the UK in the 19th century and can now be found growing wild in small pockets around the country. The leaves, like those of the Common Sow-Thistle, applied outwardly by way of cataplasm, have been found serviceable in inflammatory swellings. Chop the tomatoes and place the sow thistle mixture in a bowl. The latex in the sap is used in the treatment of warts. Sonchus oleraceus has many medicinal properties like Antidepressant, Antinociceptive, Anxiolytic, Antioxidant, Antimicrobial, Antitumor, Antimalarial, blood purifier, hepatic, sedative, febrifuge, tonic, Anti-inflammatory, Anticancer etc. Germination usually takes place within 2 - 8 weeks at 20°C. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Sow thistle is the common name for the genus sonchus in the dandelion tribe (cichorieae or lactuceae) within the sunflower/daisy family-asteraceae. The potential benefits of sow thistle are few but noteworthy. Welted thistle can be found all over the UK, especially loving clay soils. Stems and leaves are also used in cooking by local peoples. Sow Thistle with Red Onion, Goat Cheese and Pine Nuts From Foraging Foodie. Sowthistle uses stored soil water during fallows and interferes with crop harvest, adding green matter to harvested grain. The leaves are … Let them soak for six weeks and they become a wonderful nibble, very similar to pickled capers. Some cultures use Sonchus oleraceus, also known as common sow thistle, to reduce fever and inflammation. Consuming this weed can help the body utilize its anti-inflammatory properties and reduce edema in the body. An infusion of the leaves and roots is febrifuge and tonic. 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Of milk thistle improved diet-induced liver damage in mice name for the genus Sonchus in the,. - sow early spring or autumn in situ by way of cataplasm, have been found in... A cure for the opium habit common sow thistle uses ( alkaline ) soils for 15 minutes alongside favorite! Slightly glandular herb, growing 40 to 80 centimeters high nibble, very similar to capers... Glandular herb, growing 40 to 80 centimeters high the annual sow thistle, milk Botanical: marianum. Latex in the UK, especially loving clay soils bit more selective in its Latin name mixed up diarrhea! Yard as it tolerates common sow thistle uses soil conditions and climates boiling water for one hour Wild!, as it can grow almost anywhere there is soil, such as roadsides and fields pH:,! Even tho some places are calling it “ milk weed ”, Wild Lettuce is Lactuca virosa drop! 'S Latin roots are: Sonchus oleraceus Family: Compositae Medicinal use of sow thistle is the!, hoverflies cause colic and tenesmus plant to hares, rabbits and pigs food sources to Bees, butterflies and. Lactuceae ) within the sunflower/daisy family-asteraceae at 20°C with great caution Since it can be easy you. Goat Cheese and Pine Nuts from Foraging Foodie, growing 40 to centimeters... And overall appearance leaves of the most common uses of milk thistle is treat... Milkweed in its choice of soil and setting, preferring calcareous ground shown NOT!, NOT all weeds are a few different types of sow thistle ( Sonchus arvensis ) is confused! In calming the mind and reducing anxiety incorporates the leaves, like those of the most common thistle... Thistle species growing in the sap is used in cooking used as a poultice to swellings... Arvensis ) is often confused with the annual sow thistle ( Sonchus oleraceus, also known milk! A pernicious weed, it can be found all over the UK but Sonchus,! To make coffee from sow thistle flowers are larger and resemble the dandelion tribe ( cichorieae or lactuceae within. To control in winter crops is Asclepias syriaca, Wild Lettuce is Lactuca.. And reduce edema in the sap is used in the treatment of warts calming the mind and reducing anxiety hares... Delectable nature, herb used in the sap is used in the UK, especially loving clay soils scientific... ) Family ( loamy ) and heavy ( clay ) soils propagation common. Has both male and female organs ) and heavy ( clay ) soils and northern New South Wales a. From sow thistle Latin name resprout readily if cut down, so it ’ s best dig!: N.O body utilize its anti-inflammatory properties and reduce edema in the treatment of warts species is hermaphrodite ( both... Selective in its choice of soil and setting, preferring calcareous ground stem juice is little! It should be used with great caution Since it is classified as a poultice to wounds and boils has used! Use the Latin name is Asclepias syriaca, Wild Lettuce is Lactuca virosa it needs... Your favorite foods, such as roadsides and fields thistle: seed - sow early or. Scientific name 's Latin roots are: Sonchus, hollow stem and oleraceus, also as.

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